What Causes Jaw Pain?
Jaw pain can indicate a dental issue such as a toothache, TMJ Disorder, or perhaps a more serious condition.
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) connects your jaw to the temporal bones of your skull. This hinge plays a large role in your everyday life, allowing you to talk, breathe and eat. Because of the wide variety of roles it plays, TMJ issues are one of the most common causes of pain in a patient's jaw,
TMJ Disorders happen when there is an issue with the facial and jaw muscles. If the disorder advances to a severe state after you start to experience pain in this area, you may eventually be unable to move the joint.
Causes of TMJ Disorders:
- Conditions or illnesses such as arthritis
- Misalignment of the jaw
- Inflammation in the muscles surrounding your jaw
- Injury to the jaw
Symptoms of TMJ Disorders:
- Pain or ache around your jaw, face or ears
- Constant headaches
- Locking or popping in your jaw
- Trouble with your vision
- Ringing in your ears
If you suspect a problem with your TMJ, see your dentist so he or she can recommend treatment or exercises. Sometimes, prescription drugs or surgery may be required to address the issue.
Thankfully, routine vaccinations have eradicated a number of diseases, but despite this, it is still possible to contract a disease that can cause jaw pain among other things.
Tetanus is a bacterial infection that can cause your jaw muscles to stiffen or feel tight. This serious condition can result in spending weeks in hospital.
Your jaw can become fractured or dislocated. After a trauma to the jaw, you may experience:
- Loose or missing teeth
Depending on the injury, you may need to see your dentist if the pain doesn’t go away, you are missing teeth or you’re unable to chew or open and close your mouth. Over-the-counter pain medication such as ibuprofen may help, in addition to dental treatment if necessary.
A variety of dental issues can lead to a sore jaw. These can include:
- Fractured or crowded teeth
- Toothache (typically with an abscess or cavity as the underlying cause)
- Teeth grinding
- Gum disease (which can cause your jaw bone to become damaged)
- Wisdom teeth erupting
- Misaligned teeth
These problems should be addressed as soon as possible, and fractured teeth are dental emergencies, so you should see your dentist right away. Until then, keep the tooth that hurts clean and try rinsing with warm water.
Cysts or Tumors
Not typically cancerous, odontogenic cysts or tumors can quickly begin to impact your teeth. Surgery may be required to remove them.
One of the most painful types of headache, cluster headaches can result in pain around or behind one eye, with pain radiating to reach the jaw.
A type of infection that occurs in the bone, this condition can impact your mandible (lower jaw). Referred to as anaerobic osteomyelitis, it can cut off blood supply to your jaw and damage bone tissue if left untreated.
How Can I Get Rid Of Jaw Pain?
- Use a warm, wet washcloth or apply an ice pack covered in cloth to your jaw (10 minutes on, 10 minutes off).
- Take over-the-counter pain medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen.
- Massage the affected joint using your fingers, pressing the sore areas of your jaw and moving to the side of your neck.
- Avoid ingesting caffeine since it can potentially contribute to muscle tension.
Seek Dental Care
If your jaw pain persists after at-home remedies, make an appointment with your dentist.
At Southern Shore Dental, our dentists will discuss your symptoms with you, complete a comprehensive oral examination, explain possible treatment options, and develop a custom treatment plan that may include a mouthguard or other measures depending on your needs.
In rare cases, oral surgery for TMJ Disorder may be recommended to correct the problem for those with severe pain that suffer from structural problems in their jaw and haven’t found relief with other remedies or treatments.